Hertford 1861 in Bradshaw’s Guide

Bradshaw’s 1861 Railway Handbook of Great Britain and Ireland describes his journeys through the length and breadth of Great Britain and the towns and cities he visits.

Bradshaws 1861 Handbook

This is what he had to say about Hertford:

‘HERTFORD, capital of Hertfordshire, close to an old ford on the river Lea, where Ermine Street crossed it. Population 6,605. It is a small, irregularly built country town, with some trade in grain and malt, and remains of a royal castle or palace, which having been modernised, is now turned into a school. A tower or two of the original structure may be noticed. Here John of Gaunt had the custody of two captive monarchs. One was his father’s (Edward III.) prisoner, the king of France, taken at the battle of Poitiers, in 1356; and the other was David of Scotland, who was captured in 1346, at the battle of Nevill’s Cross, by Queen Philippa, while her husband was in France. Afterwards it became the seat of several queens-consort, one of whom was Henry VI’s wife, Queen Margaret; and the retreat of Elizabeth, when a plague drove the court and judges out of London. A branch of Christ’s hospital, or the blue-coat school, consisting of 500 or 600 of the younger children, is stationed here in a large quadrangular pile. The sessions house and Town Hall are united in one building. The County Gaol is a fine large edifice. There is an old cross-shaped church, with a low spire, a fine corn market and prison, but nothing else remarkable.’

I wonder what Bradshaw would make of it today. ‘Nothing else remarkable’!!

Three hotels and more guest houses; pubs, bars and restaurants to suit all tastes and pockets, two rail stations, a bus station and a church of every denomination. No McDonalds but still a Saturday market but no annual fairs – you can’t be perfect.

He also notes the following:

A telegraph station.
HOTEL. —Salisbury Arms Hotel.
MARKET DAY. — Saturday.
FAIRS.- May 12th, July 5th, and November 8th.
BANKERS. -— London and County Bank; Unity Bank, Head Offices, London.

The London and County Bank became National Westminster Bank – now part of RBS –  I presume he is referring to the Unity Joint Stock Mutual Banking Association was also a constituent of the Royal Bank of Scotland but ceased trading in 1862.

In Michael Portillo’s Great British Railway Journeys he travels these islands with a well-thumbed copy of George Bradshaw’s Victorian Railway Guidebook.

There is a biography of  George Bradshaw (1801- 1853) here, originally written for Lancashire Magazine. A much expanded and complete article appeared in Railway Magazine in 2001 on the anniversary of his birth.

Copies of the original Bradshaw railway guides and train timetables are quite rare and expensive. Facsimiles and reprinted version can however be purchased through Amazon using the George Bradshaw link above.

More articles on Hertford:

Hertford the county town, Folly Island, Hidden Hertford, Old Barge Pub, Brewing in Hertford, Easter, Fore Street, Eccentric Clergy, Hertford Library, Hertford 1861, Tunnels of Hertford, Sarah Stout, Closed pubs